Glad to be gay – the Hall-Carpenter Archives at LSE Library

Glad to be gay – the Hall-Carpenter Archives at LSE Library

Demonstration, with Gay Liberation Front Banner, c1972
LSE Library has been home to the Hall-Carpenter Archives since 1988. It’s an extensive collection of archives, ephemera and printed material documenting the development of gay activism in the UK since the 1950s. But how did it come to LSE and what does it hold?

The origins

The Hall-Carpenter Archives grew out of the campaigning work of the Campaign for Homosexual Equality (CHE). In 1980 CHE established the Gay Monitoring and Archive Project to monitor cases of discrimination against homosexuals in all parts of life. A media monitoring service was set up including a subscription to the press cuttings service. In addition, CHE members began to send press cuttings and related material on discrimination. The CHE also found itself storing records of gay organisations.

In 1982 the Gay Monitoring and Archive Project separated from CHE and the press cuttings and archives transferred to the flat of one of its founders, Julian Meldrum, and a limited company was set up called the Hall-Carpenter Memorial Archives.

When Greater London Council withdrew its funding in 1986, alternative ways had to be found to secure the archive’s future. It was decided to split the collection into three. The archives, ephemera and printed material went to LSE. The Lesbian and Gay Newsmedia Archive first found a home at Middlesex University and then went to the Bishopsgate Institute. The oral histories went to the British Library Sound Archive.

The name

The collection is named in honour of the novelist Marguerite Radclyffe Hall and the socialist writer Edward Carpenter. Unfortunately, the collection does not hold any papers of these individuals.
GLF Plaque on LSE Campus

Highlights

Decriminalisation of male homosexuality

The papers of the Albany Trust, the Homosexual Law Reform Society, Tony Dyson and Antony Grey record the campaign to decriminalise male homosexuality throughout the 1960s following the Wolfenden Report in 1957. There is correspondence with the Home Secretary, Roy Jenkins, and with Lord Arran and Leo Abse who pushed various versions of the Sexual Offences bills through both Houses of Parliament until the Act was passed in July 1967.

The Gay Liberation Front

The Gay Liberation Front began in October 1970 at LSE. It brought a new energy to gay activism. This revolutionary movement took a direct approach, drawing up demands, holding ‘think-ins’, forming consciousness-raising groups, organising demonstrations and street theatre. It had a short life, torn apart by the diverse interests of those involved. In its wake, numerous gay and lesbian groups emerged (eg Joint Council for Gay Teenagers, Gay Activists Alliance, FRIEND [Fellowship for the Relief of the Isolated and Emotionally in Need and Distress]).
Gay Liberation Front Street Theatre

The Lesbian and Gay Christian Movement

The Lesbian and Gay Christian Movement encouraged friendship and support amongst gay Christians and maintained links with the church and the gay community. It also actively lobbied the government regarding equality legislation eg on age of consent, section 28.

AIDS and HIV

There are lots of papers relating to AIDS / HIV including Simon Watney, Peter Tatchell and Lesbian and Gay Christian Movement.

Journals

LGBT journals (newspapers and magazines), 1954-, collected from the UK and the rest of the world, particularly the USA. They include:

  • Attitude
  • Capital Gay
  • Diva
  • G Scene
  • Gay News
  • Gay Times
  • Pink Paper
  • Scotsgay

Disabled Gays Guide, 1985

How to access

Most of the material highlighted here is part of our special collections, which are open to all but must be consulted in our reading room. Find out how to book your place and order material on our access archives and special collections page.

To search, use the LSE archive catalogue typing HCA* into ‘Refno’ field.

Further resources at LSE

The online LSE student newspaper the Beaver shows early coverage of gay liberation activities. For example, details of their first meeting.

Trace journal articles on this topic using LGBT Life with full text. This has a specialist focus and is a good supplement to broader social science and humanities databases such as SocIndex and ISI web of Science.

View some images from these archives on Flickr.

Read Sue Donnelly’s article ‘Coming out in the archives’, Oxford Journals, 2008-2009, for more information about the Hall-Carpenter Archives.

Gillian Murphy appears at:

OUTing the Past: London Hub II on the 11th February
OUTing the Past: Manchester on the 26th February

Nov
14
Wed
all-day Foreign Affairs @ Etcetera Theatre
Foreign Affairs @ Etcetera Theatre
Nov 14 – Nov 17 all-day
Foreign Affairs @ Etcetera Theatre | England | United Kingdom
Nathan Evans takes a comic and poetic look at a pair of botched departures from forty-year unions: the UK’s exit from Europe, bien sûr, and Nathan’s British-born, Brittany-residing, Brexit-supporting father’s departure from the state of matrimony. A brand new solo show marrying the personal and political, spoken word and storytelling, music and film. ‘witty, engaging and inquisitive’ Exeunt In 2002, ...
all-day Foreign Affairs @ Etcetera Theatre
Foreign Affairs @ Etcetera Theatre
Nov 14 – Nov 17 all-day
Foreign Affairs @ Etcetera Theatre | England | United Kingdom
Britain is bowing out of Europe. Nathan’s British-born, Brittany-residing, Brexit-supporting Dad has closed the curtain on his marriage. Well, sort of. A pair of botched departures from forty-year unions. A metaphor waiting to happen. Part of Voila! Festival 2018. ‘witty, engaging and inquisitive’ Exeunt on Flights of Fancy, Soho Theatre 2017 In 2002, Nathan’s Dad sold his semi in Medway, ...
Feb
14
Thu
7:00 pm Deptford Heritage Festival Produ... @ Zion Baptist Chapel
Deptford Heritage Festival Produ... @ Zion Baptist Chapel
Feb 14 @ 7:00 pm – Feb 28 @ 7:00 pm
Deptford Heritage Festival Production and staging LGBTQ civil rights play  #Liberty @ Zion Baptist Chapel
Deptford Heritage Festival from 1-28 Delighted to be staging the little known but true story of Kath Duncan and how the LGBTQ and Civil rights movement was fought and won in 1930s Britain that laid the ground work for The National Council of Civil Liberties ( Liberty ) Play is 14 shows from 14 ( Valentines day) -28 February 2019. ...

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